Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemia | EndoTool Glucose Management System

In our previous blog, we looked at the quick facts behind hyperglycemia, and the personalized glucose management software to safely treat hyperglycemia while preventing hypoglycemia. While hyperglycemia often has the spotlight when it comes to blood glucose levels, hypoglycemia is just as alarming.

Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized by abnormally low blood glucose levels, usually less than 70 mg/dl. If blood glucose levels drop to less than 40 mg/dl, it can become life-threatening. The potential to over-correct and decrease blood sugar levels too low is a fear every team has as they try to get a patient’s glycemic levels under control.

These eye-opening statistics reflect the significance hypoglycemia:

  • The condition is associated with an increased risk of mortality in various patient populations1,2
  • Each day with hypoglycemia is associated with an 85.3% increase in the odds of inpatient death (P = 0.009) and 65.8% (P = 0.0003) increase in the odds of death within 1 year from discharge2
  • The odds of inpatient death rose threefold for every 10 mg/dl decrease in the lowest blood glucose during hospitalization (P = 0.0058)2
  • Serious adverse events occur in 4% of patients with hypoglycemic events3

As with hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia is considered a manifestation of poor glycemic control and a Hospital-Acquired Condition for which the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services will not pay.4

Because of this, it is essential for both the patient and the hospital to keep hypoglycemia on their radar.

Maintaining safe glycemic control should be done by using a personalized glucose management software to treat hyperglycemia while preventing hypoglycemia. If your hospital is interested in nearly eliminating hypoglycemic events, contact our team to receive a live demo today.

 

  1. Desouza CV, Bolli GB, Fonseca V. (2010) Hypoglycemia, diabetes, and cardiovascular events. Diabetes Care 33:1389–1394.
    2. Turchin A, Matheny ME, Shubina M, Scanlon JV, Greenwood B, Pendergrass ML. (2009) Hypoglycemia and clinical outcomes in patients with diabetes hospitalized in the general ward. Diabetes Care 32:1153–1157. 
    3. Varghese P, Gleason V, Sorokin R, Senholzi C, Jabbour S, Gottlieb JE. (2007) Hypoglycemia in hospitalized patients treated with antihyperglycemic agents. J Hosp Med 2:234–240. 
    4. Manifestations of Poor Glycemic Control; Changes to the Hospital Inpatient Prospective Payment Systems and Fiscal Year 2009 Rates; Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. 42 CFR Parts 411, 412, 413, 422, and 489 (19 August 2008) pp. 48433-49084. Accessed April 27, 2010.